Flash welding at 1200 amps
for ½ a second
Finished stud with
a nut and washer
Test demonstrating the
strength of stud (M16)
This will ensure that
the liners fit,
the studs don't break,
and that the material flows.
Smoother surface finish than inserts and Nib-Head Countersunk bolts.
Easier to install. Supplied complete with galvanised nuts and washers.
Easier to remove as rusted threads do not have to be flame-cut off.
Studs can be placed with an accuracy of 2mm.
Rust protected threads make assembly easy.
Cheaper than holes, and no need to purchase Nib-Head bolts, washers and nuts.
Studs can be damaged in transit.
However, Rio-Carb will palletize liner plates such that they are not easily damaged during transporting.